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What is Lacrosse?

Lacrosse is a team sport played using a small rubber ball and a long-handled stick called a crosse or lacrosse stick. It is a contact sport which usually requires padding. The head of the lacrosse stick is strung with loose netting, designed to catch and hold the lacrosse ball. Offensively, the objective of the game is to score points by shooting the ball into an opponent’s goal.  Players use the lacrosse stick to catch, carry, and pass the ball in order to score. Defensively, the objective is to keep the opposing team from scoring and to dispossess them of the ball through the use of stick checking and body contact or positioning.

Basic Lacrosse Rules

The object of Lacrosse is to shoot the ball into the opponent’s goal. The team scoring the most goals wins. Players may run with the ball in the crosse, pass and catch the ball. Only the goalkeeper may touch the ball with his hands.


A player may gain possession of the ball by dislodging it from an opponent’s crosse with a stick check, which includes the controlled poking and slapping of the stick and gloved hands of the player in possession of the ball. There are two types of checking in lacrosse: stick checks and body checks.

Stick checking is trying to knock the ball from an opponent’s stick and must be a forward tapping or whacking motion, not a forceful swing like a baseball bat or a violent up and down chop like an axe. An opponent’s crosse may also be stick checked if it is within five yards of a loose ball or ball in the air.

Body checking may only be done against the ball carrier or a player very close to the ball in play, and is basically a shoulder block–not a tackle or a trip.

Cross checking is allowed, if the stick is held horizontally in front by the player with both hands close together and used to push the opponent in check. It is an illegal cross check if the stick is held with the hands far apart as the opponent is contacted.

Checking may not be done from behind, and is only allowed above the waist and below the neck.


Lacrosse is a contact game played with ten players: 1 goalkeeper, 3 defensemen, 3 midfielders, and 3 attackmen.

  • ATTACK: The attackman’s responsibility is to score goals. He generally restricts his play to the offensive end.
  • MIDFIELD: The midfielder’s responsibility is to cover the entire field playing both offense and defense.
  • DEFENSE: The defenseman’s responsibility is to defend the goal. He generally restricts his play to the defensive end of the field.
  • GOAL: The goalie’s responsibility is to protect the goal and stop the opposing team from scoring.

Each team must keep at least 4 players (including the goalie) in their defensive half of the field.  They must keep 3 in their offensive half.  There are 3 players (the midfielders) who may roam the entire field.

Misc Lacrosse Info

The Lacrosse Field. The lacrosse field is a little shorter and wider than a football field, but many youth and high school lacrosse games are played on football fields. Goals are 6 feet by 6 feet within a 9-foot circular area called the crease, set 15 yards from the end line.

Face Off.  A lacrosse game begins with a face off at the midfield line at the X spot in the center of the field. A face off consists of the two center players at the mid-field line crouching down and placing their sticks on the ground so that the heads of the sticks have their backs to each other. The official then places the ball on the ground between the heads of the sticks, steps back and blows a whistle which signals to the players they can fight for possession of the ball. The other players must wait until one player has gained possession of the ball or the ball has crossed the goal line. Face offs occur at the beginning of a game, at the beginning of each quarter and after each goal is scored.

Game Length. Games are divided in to 4 quarters, usually 8-15 minutes long, making up a 48 minute game.  Breaks are given between the quarters, with a longer break at halftime. Teams trade ends of the field at the end of each quarter.

Out of Bounds. If the ball or a player in possession of the ball goes out of bounds, the other team is awarded possession of the ball. If the ball goes out of bounds after an unsuccessful shot on goal, the player nearest to the ball when and where it goes out of bounds is awarded possession.

An attacking player cannot enter the crease around the goal, but may reach in with his stick to scoop a loose ball.

Make a PVC LaCrosse Goal

Making your own Lacrosse Goal is fairly easy to do, and just requires a few basic materials.

What You Need

  • PVC or metal pipe
  • 5 elbow joints
  • PVC adhesive
  • Fish netting
  • Plastic ties

Making the Goal

Measure and cut three 6-foot lengths and two 7-foot lengths of PVC pipe.

Use PVC adhesive to connect two elbow joints to the ends of the 6-foot-long crossbar pipe. Connect one of the 6-foot-long side posts to the open end of each of your two elbow joints. You should now have a U-shaped framework for the front of your goal.

Connect an elbow joint to the bottom of each of the 6-foot-long side posts. Turn the elbow joints so that they are angled backward at 45 degrees toward the center of the goal. When you insert the rear support posts, they should almost be touching at a central point behind the goal’s mouth.

Connect one of the 7-foot-long posts to each open end of the elbow joint. Use another elbow joint to connect these two 7-foot-long base support posts where they meet at the back of the goal. You should now have a triangular base for your lacrosse goal.

Use sturdy plastic ties to connect the netting to the framework of your lacrosse goal. The net should be attached to the crossbar, sides, and bottom pipes at the rear of the goal. Trim off any excess so that the netting is pulled tight and does not sag at the back of the goal

Source: How to Build a Lacrosse Goal